Type

Start Date

01/02/12

End Date

01/02/12

Project Description

Simultaneous determination of three herbicides (dicamba, 2,4-D, and atrazine) has been achieved by on-line solid-phase extraction (SPE) coupled to multisyringe chromatography (MSC) with UV detection. The preconcentration conditions were optimized; a preconcentration flow rate of 0.5 mL min−1 and elution at 0.8 mL min−1 were the optimum conditions. A C18 (8 mm i.d.) membrane extraction disk conditioned with 0.3 mol L−1 HCl in 0.5 % MeOH was used. A 3-mL sample was preconcentrated, then eluted with 0.43 mL 40:60 water–MeOH. A C18 monolithic column (25 mm × 4.6 mm) was used for chromatographic separation. Separation of the three compounds was achieved in 10 min by use of 0.01 % aqueous acetic acid–MeOH (60:40) as mobile phase at a flow rate of 0.8 mL min−1. The limits of detection (LOD) were 13, 57, and 22 μg L−1 for dicamba, 2,4-D, and atrazine, respectively. The sampling frequency was three analyses per hour, and each analysis consumed only 7.3 mL solvent. The method was applied to spiked water samples, and recovery between 85 and 112 % was obtained. Recovery was significantly better than in the conventional HPLC–UV method. These results indicated the reliability and accuracy of this flow-based method. This is the first time this family of herbicides has been simultaneously analyzed by on-line SPE–MSC using a monolithic column. Figure On-line solid phase extraction coupled to multisyringe chromatography

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