Joan Grimalt Obrador
934006118 - int: 437789
Research group: Geochemistry and Pollution
Prof. Joan O. Grimalt. PhD in Chemistry from the Autonomous University of Barcelona (1983). Postdoctoral stages: Oregon State University (1983-84), University of Bristol (1985). Full Professor of CSIC since 1992. Research devoted to the study of natural and anthropogenic organic compounds as markers of the health status of ecosystems and organisms (including humans). He has published 718 papers (576 of them included in the SCI). Some of them in high impact journals such as New England J. Med. (Impact index: 74.7; year of publication: 1989; letter), Lancet (60.4; 1999), Nature (42.8; 1990), Science (41.8; 2004, 2007, 2021), Rev. Geophysics (21.4; 2016), Am. J. Resp. Crit. Care Med. (17.5; 2012), Nature Geoscience (13.7; 2013), Nature Communications (12.1; 2018), Eur. Resp. J. (12.3; 2012), J. Allergy Clin. Immunol. (10.2; 1991), PNAS (9.4; 2012). These publications have received 21466 quotes. H index = 81 (source Scopus). Supervision of 50 PhD thesis and 73 master thesis to completion. Scientist included in the list of Essential Science Indicators of the ISI Web of Science in Environment/Ecology. Participation in 115 research projects (44 funded by the European Union) having coordinated 51 of them.
More information in http://www.cid.csic.es/homes/grimalt.
Partnership for the Assessment of Risk from Chemicals
The European Partnership for the Assessment of Risks from Chemicals (#EU_PARC) aims to advance research, share knowledge, and improve skills in chemical risk assessment. By doing so, it will help support the European Union's Chemicals Strategy for Sustainability, paving the way for the "zero pollution" ambition announced in the European Green Deal.
- Develop the scientific skills needed to address current and future challenges in chemical safety
- Provide new data, methods, and innovative tools to those responsible for assessing and managing the risks of chemical exposure
- Strengthen the networks which bring together actors specialised in the different scientific fields contributing to risk assessment
PARC represents a campaign of unprecedented scale, since it brings together 200 partners from 28 countries, as well as three EU agencies (the European Environment Agency – EEA, the European Chemicals Agency – ECHA, and the European Food Safety Authority – EFSA). The partnership encompasses all aspects of chemical risk assessment, aiming in particular to: better anticipate emerging risks, better account for combined risks, and underpin the concrete implementation of new orientations in European public policies to safeguard the health and the environment in response to important issues for health, the ecology and citizens' expectations.
The Spanish coordination was assigned to the IDAEA's Geochemistry and Pollution group (Joan Grimalt) and the Instituto Carlos III.
Start Date: 01/05/2022 – End Date: 30/04/2029
Project Leader: Joan Grimalt Obrador
Researchers: Sandra Pérez Solsona , Marinella Farré Urgell , Marta Llorca Casamayor , Nicola Montemurro , Mercè Garí de Barbarà
Funding: European Project
LIFE RESQUE ALPYR
Restoration of aquatic ecosystems of protected areas from the Alps and Pyrenees
LIFE RESQUE ALPYR aims at recovering mountain aquatic habitats improving conservation of several target habitats/species in four Nature 2000 sites from the alpine biogeographical regions of the Pyrenees (NE Spain) and the Alps (NW Italy).
In the Alps and the Pyrenees, specific aquatic and water-related species and habitats (lakes, bogs, mires and meadows) of mountain areas have an ‘unfavourable/inadequate’ conservation status or a decreasing status trend. This is because they have been subjected to long-standing and significant anthropogenic alterations, such as the proliferation of invasive fish species, overgrazing and trampling by livestock. More recently, mires afforestation and land abandonment have emerged as additional conservation issues in mountain areas.
LIFE programme (LIFE20 NAT/ES/000369)
Coordinator: Ventura Oller, Marc (CEAB-CSIC)
Start Date: 01/01/2022 – End Date: 31/12/2026
Researchers: Joan Grimalt Obrador , Raimon Martínez Prats , Pilar Fernández Ramón , Barend L. van Drooge
Funding: European Project
Research Infrastructures Services Reinforcing Air Quality Monitoring Capacities in European Urban & Industrial AreaS
The project aims to demonstrate how service tools from atmospheric research infrastructures can be adapted and enhanced to better address the challenges and societal needs concerning air quality in European cities and industrial hotspots. RI-URBANS responds to urgent needs to substantially reduce air pollution across the European Union by providing enhanced air quality observations in support of advanced air quality policy assessment.
We develop and enhance synergies between Air Quality Monitoring Networks (AQMNs) and research infrastructures in the atmospheric domain and combine advanced scientific knowledge and innovative technologies to develop pilot service tools. These will enhance the AQMNs capacity to evaluate, predict and support policies for abating urban air pollution. RI-URBANS deploys tools and information systems in the hands of citizens and communities to support decision-making by AQ managers and regulators. The focus is on ambient nanoparticles and atmospheric particulate matter, their sizes, constituents, source contributions, and gaseous precursors. RI-URBANS will evaluate novel air quality parameters, source contributions, and their associated health effects to demonstrate the European added value of implementing such service tools.
Funded by the European Commission’s call “European Research Infrastructures capacities and services to address European Green Deal challenges (LC-GD-9-1-2020)”
Start Date: 01/10/2021 – End Date: 30/09/2025
Project Leader: Xavier Querol Carceller
Researchers: Teresa Moreno Pérez , Fulvio Amato , Andrés Alastuey Urós , Angeliki Karanasiou , María Cruz Minguillón , Mar Viana Rodríguez , Marco Pandolfi , Joan Grimalt Obrador , Barend L. van Drooge , Meritxell Garcia i Marlès , Marjan Savadkoohi , Xiansheng Liu
Support: Alicia Arroyo , Ana Sotres Fernández , Alejandro Rodríguez Bermejo , Mercè Ratera Bastardas , Sergio de Campos Paus
Funding: European Project
Integrated study of the exposure to glyphosate and its metabolite in a region with high agricultural activity in the province of Córdoba (Argentina)
Environmental and occupational risk analysis
Glyphosate is the most widely used herbicide in agriculture worldwide. Numerous studies have revealed the presence of glyphosate and its main metabolite, AMPA, in air, surface waters and soils, especially in agricultural areas, as well as in processed foods and human urine samples, in increasing concentrations during the last years. All of this has raised great concern about exposure to glyphosate and its effects, especially after its classification as a probable human carcinogen. The economic importance of the agricultural sector and the possible risk to the health of the ecosystems and the exposed population make it necessary to study the presence of these substances in the different environmental compartments, which will provide new data to carry out environmental risk assessments, establish maximum acceptable intake levels and promote sustainable agricultural models. The present project proposes the study of the presence of glyphosate and AMPA in samples of irrigation water, agricultural soils, drinking water, and human samples in a region of Córdoba (Argentina) with important agricultural activity. From the data obtained, an analysis of the associated risk will be carried out, both at the level of occupational exposure and of the general population.
Start Date: 01/01/2021 – End Date: 31/12/2023
Project Leader: Joan Grimalt Obrador
Researchers: Pilar Fernández Ramón , Mercè Garí de Barbarà
Funding: National Project
Metabolic effects of Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals: novel testing METhods and adverse outcome pathways
Endocrine disruptors (EDs) are defined as exogenous chemicals that alter functions of the endocrine system, thereby causing adverse health effects in an organism or its progeny. The project brings together experts in various research fields, including systems toxicologists, experimental biologists with a thorough understanding of the molecular mechanisms of metabolic disease and comprehensive in vitro and in vivo methodological skills and ultimately, epidemiologists linking environmental exposure to adverse metabolic outcomes. This proposal focuses on developing novel test methods and models to assess the metabolic effects of EDs. Combined in silico methods, in vitro and in vivo methods are developed with an emphasis on liver and adipose tissue and endocrine pathways related to their metabolism. In addition, epidemiological and field monitoring data is used to gain information regarding the exposure to chemicals and ED-related metabolic effects. The interdisciplinary approach and complementary expertise of the participants will identify novel mechanisms of action and provide an interface for regulatory purposes.
Funding: Horizon 2020. Grant agreement ID 825762
Participants: OULUN YLIOPISTO - Finland | EUROSAFE - France | PAMGENE INTERNATIONAL BV - Netherlands | EBERHARD KARLS UNIVERSITAET TUEBINGEN - Germany | UNIVERZITA KARLOVA - Czechia | WAGENINGEN UNIVERSITY - Netherlands | UNIVERSITY OF LEEDS - United Kingdom | CSIC - Spain | BUNDESINSTITUT FUER RISIKOBEWERTUNG - Germany | NORGES TEKNISK-NATURVITENSKAPELIGE UNIVERSITET NTNU - Norway