Andrés Alastuey Urós
934006124 - int: 437765
Research group: Environmental Geochemistry and Atmospheric Research (EGAR)
Service: Atmospheric Monitoring Network
Bachelor in Geology from the University of Zaragoza (1989) and Doctor in Geology from the University of Barcelona (1994). Research Professor of IDAEA-CSIC with more than 25 years of experience in research in environmental geochemistry and air pollution. My research career has been developed on the lines of environmental geochemistry and natural resources and recycling of industrial waste. In recent years, it has focused on the geochemistry of atmospheric aerosols in urban, regional and remote environments, because of its impact on air quality, human and health radiative balance.
More than 300 articles in SCI journals. Supervisor of 10 PhD Theses. Included in the ISI Highly Cited Scientists.
Currently, I am the scientist responsible of the EGAR network of stations measuring atmospheric aerosols, composed of urban background stations (Barcelona), regional background (Montseny) and remote background (Montsec). I led de participation of IDAEA CSIC in the ACTRIS RI (Aerosols, Clouds, and Trace gases Research InfraStructure) network). ACTRIS RI has been selected to the ESFRI roadmap in 2016.
Fast track to cleaner, healthier urban Aerosols by market ready Solutions of retrofit Filtration Devices for tailpipe, brake systems and closed environments
Emissions of the existing gasoline engines and brakes of the commercial vehicle fleets in Europe relate to health problems and death of annually >1,45 Mio. people. For the next decades, these vehicles will continue populating the roads, emitting PM/PN exhaust particles and toxic secondary emissions. For immediate reduction, retrofit solutions for tailpipe and brake emissions must be brought to TRL 8 and introduced to the market by 2025. Timing is crucial: Retrofits are transition technologies until full electrification of Europe’s transport fleet. Even beyond, brake retrofits play an important role in the electrified fleet. Quick wins in the reduction of the overall footprint of the existing fleets can be realised by using our 3 retrofits for tailpipe, brake and closed environments: 95% of PM2.5 and 80% of toxic secondary emissions using an innovative Gasoline Particle Filter, 60% of NOx exhaust emissions replacing the aged TWC by original equipment, 90% of the brake particles of long-lived road transport assets using a passive BDPF, 90% of particles in closed environments (bus stops, tunnels, metro stations) using a special designed and enhanced stationary air purifier.
To create credible key messages for clients, citizens and policy, we perform lighthouse demo activities:
1) tailpipe retrofit: 1.000 vehicles in 2 climate zones (Germany + Israel) for 4 representative engine type families,
2) brake retrofit: Define emission fingerprints for the public transport of the cities of Valladolid, Ancona, Fermo and Sofia and > 35000 km lab testing on dynamometer and > 8000 km real driving,
3) air purifier retrofit for closed environments: 3 underground stations (Sofia, 2x Lisbon) with > 130000 commuters and Valladolid central bus depot with > 150 buses. For market preparation we will reach >4.000 citizens and policy makers from EU KOM level and >8 EU countries. We unite world leading industry, renowned scientific institutes and lighthouse demo sites in 8 European countries
Funding: Horizon Europe, Horizon-CL5-2021-D5-01-15
Start Date: 01/05/2022 – End Date: 30/04/2025
Researchers: Natalia Moreno Palmerola , Teresa Moreno Pérez , Xavier Querol Carceller , Andrés Alastuey Urós
Funding: European Project
Innovative technologies and socio-ecological-economic solutions for fire resilient territories in Europe
Extreme wildfire events (EWE) are becoming a major environmental, economic and social threat in Southern Europe and increasingly gaining importance elsewhere in Europe. As the limits of fire suppression-centered strategies become evident, practitioners, researchers and policymakers increasingly recognise the need to develop novel approaches that shift emphasis to the root causes and impacts of EWE, moving towards preventive landscape and community management for greater resilience. FIRE-RES integrates existing research, technology, civil protection, policy and governance spheres related to wildfires to innovate processes, methods and tools to effectively promote the implementation of a more holistic fire management approach and support the transition towards more resilient landscapes and communities to EWE.
Grant agreement ID: 101037419
Funding: EU H2020
Start Date: 01/12/2021 – End Date: 30/11/2025
Researchers: Mar Viana Rodríguez , Barend L. van Drooge , Stefan Platikanov , Aurelio Tobías Garces , Andrés Alastuey Urós , Jordina Gili Ciurana
Funding: European Project
Research Infrastructures Services Reinforcing Air Quality Monitoring Capacities in European Urban & Industrial AreaS
The project aims to demonstrate how service tools from atmospheric research infrastructures can be adapted and enhanced to better address the challenges and societal needs concerning air quality in European cities and industrial hotspots. RI-URBANS responds to urgent needs to substantially reduce air pollution across the European Union by providing enhanced air quality observations in support of advanced air quality policy assessment.
We develop and enhance synergies between Air Quality Monitoring Networks (AQMNs) and research infrastructures in the atmospheric domain and combine advanced scientific knowledge and innovative technologies to develop pilot service tools. These will enhance the AQMNs capacity to evaluate, predict and support policies for abating urban air pollution. RI-URBANS deploys tools and information systems in the hands of citizens and communities to support decision-making by AQ managers and regulators. The focus is on ambient nanoparticles and atmospheric particulate matter, their sizes, constituents, source contributions, and gaseous precursors. RI-URBANS will evaluate novel air quality parameters, source contributions, and their associated health effects to demonstrate the European added value of implementing such service tools.
Funded by the European Commission’s call “European Research Infrastructures capacities and services to address European Green Deal challenges (LC-GD-9-1-2020)”
Start Date: 01/10/2021 – End Date: 30/09/2025
Project Leader: Xavier Querol Carceller
Researchers: Teresa Moreno Pérez , Fulvio Amato , Andrés Alastuey Urós , Angeliki Karanasiou , María Cruz Minguillón , Mar Viana Rodríguez , Marco Pandolfi , Joan Grimalt Obrador , Barend L. van Drooge , Meritxell Garcia i Marlès
Funding: European Project
Next Generation Tools for advanced mobility solutions
The main goal of Next4Mob is to build the basis for the next generation of innovative methods and an opensource toolset that advances the state-of-the-art in urban transport modelling and prediction, with a high level of applicability for decision-making in the field of transport and urban planning.
IDAEA will lead differents workplans which main objective is: to collect and analyze mobility, demographics, socio-economics, and land use data; to improve our knowledge of air pollutants in the city, to help predict their likely reductions resulting from the implementation of different scenarios that will be considered in the case studies in Next4Mob (such as low emission zones, LEZ) and to calculate the emissions for the whole city of Valladolid and for the low emission zone (LEZ) for different implementation scenarios, with varying types of restrictions.
Priority Line: Smart urban and metropolitan mobility strategies
Participants: IFISC-CSIX; IDAEA-CSIC; IEGD-CSIC; Transyt – Universidad Politecnica de Madrid UPM; Universidad de Cantabria; Autobuses Urbanos de Valladolid.
Funding: Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación (reference: PLEC2021-007824)
Start Date: 01/06/2021 – End Date: 31/05/2024
Project Leader: Teresa Moreno Pérez
Researchers: Mar Viana Rodríguez , Andrés Alastuey Urós , Fulvio Amato , Inés González de Castro
Funding: European Project
Nanoparticle Emissions from the Transport Sector: Health and Policy Impacts
Air pollution in European cities is still threatening human health, even though EU emission directives have been sharpened over the last 25 years. Adverse health effects of airborne particles are strongly linked to their size. A major fraction of outdoor ultrafine particles is traffic generated from road, rail, air, and sea transportation. The story that nPETS aims to communicate is the life of the sub 100 nm emissions from its creation to its potential path to human beings and animals. The nPETS consortium aims to improve the knowledge of transport generated exhaust and non-exhaust nanoparticle emissions and their impacts on health and new public policies.
It aims to monitor and sample with state-of-the-art particle instruments the sub 100 nm transport generated emissions from shipping, road, rail, and aviation both in field and controlled laboratory environments. Both aged and fresh aerosols will be considered, including primary and secondary volatile and non-volatile particles. Characterising the emissions will be done from shipping, road, rail, and aviation by linking their sizes, chemical compositions, and morphologies to its specific emission sources such as engines, brakes, clutches, and tyres to increase the understanding of the mechanisms behind adverse risks posed by different types and sources of the identified sub 100 nm particles. The effects of nanoparticles from various transport modes and fuels, as well as specific emission sources, will be compared with a focus on markers of relevance for carcinogenesis and inflammation. Living cells will be exposed to collected and real-world primary and aged aerosols as well as primary and aged aerosols generated in the laboratory.
Furthermore, it also aims to evaluate the possible future impact of new policies in this area on public health and linking the impacts with specific emission sources. This should lead to an understanding and quantification of the risks posed by different types and sources.