The IDAEA Geosciences department research interests focus on environmental issues related to air and water.
Our atmospheric work includes study of the sources, transport and evolution of natural and anthropogenic inorganic compounds within the environment, especially in the source identification of aerosols and gaseous pollutants. The relevance of this research to human society lies in its direct links to important global environmental issues such as urban air quality, the abatement of industrial emissions, the transboundary movement of regional aerosol plumes, and the interaction of aerosols and climate. We inform and guide those legally responsible for environmental policy at both national and international levels, particular with regard to the impact of poor air quality on human health.
Our hydrogeological expertise embraces the exploration of groundwater resources and pollutants, urban aquifer management, marine intrusion in coastal aquifers, and development of numerical models of water flow, reactive pollutant transport and ground deformation to assess suitable hydrogeological conditions for safe long-term waste storage and subsurface energy exploitation. Many aspects of our research involve applications in civil and mining engineering, and are again directly relevant to key environmental challenges facing modern society.
Our surface hydrology approaches are multidisciplinary and include study of the role of vegetation on the hydrological cycle, rainfall-runoff dynamics, runoff generation processes anderosion and sediment transport processesThe role of forest on hydrological processes and balances, intense erosion processes and the regime of temporary rivers are among the main research subjects concerned with society challenges.